Human lymphocytes were subjected to oxidative stress by exposing to hydrogen peroxide at
concentrations varying from 0-250μM for time duration of 0-24h to evaluate cell viability. Trypan blue
dye exclusion test indicated a loss of ˂5% cell viability on incubation with hydrogen peroxide for 24h;
however MTT assay signified a decline of 55% activity after 12h or long with 200μM concentration.
Redox status and activities of antioxidant enzymes were examined after incubation with hydrogen
peroxide up to 200μM for 4h. Reduced glutathione level decreased with concentration dependent increase
in lipid peroxidation, measured as MDA produced. Increase in LDH leakage from the cells with
increasing hydrogen peroxide concentration in medium indicated considerable cell membrane damage.
SOD and catalase activities increased at lower concentration of 50μM but at higher stress, a decline in
activities of SOD, catalase and GST was observed. GPx increased with increasing hydrogen peroxide in
incubation medium. The study shows that redox status declines and cell membranes become leaky with
increasing oxidative stress. Antioxidant enzymes except GPx decrease under higher stress conditions.