Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  •   Covering letter
      • Signed by all contributors
      • Previous publication / presentations mentioned
      • Source of funding mentioned
      • Conflicts of interest disclosed


      • Middle name initials provided
      • Author for correspondence, with e-mail address provided
      • Number of contributors restricted as per the instructions
      • Identity not revealed in paper except title page (e.g. name of the institute in Methods, citing previous study as 'our study', names on figure labels, name of institute in photographs, etc.)
    1.     Presentation and format
      1. Single spacing
      2. Margins 1.5 cm from all four sides
      3. Title page contains all the desired information
      4. Abstract page contains the full title of the manuscript
      5. Abstract provided (about 150 words for case reports and 250 words for original articles)
      6. Structured abstract provided for an original article
      7. Key words provided (three or more)
      8. Introduction of 75-100 words
      9. Headings in title case (not ALL CAPITALS)
      10. The references cited in the text should be after punctuation marks, in superscript with square bracket.
      11. References according to the journal's instructions, punctuation marks checked
      12. Send the article file without 'Track Changes'
    2.         Language and grammar
      1. Uniformly American English
      2. Write the full term for each abbreviation at its first use in the title, abstract, keywords and text separately unless it is a standard unit of measure. Numerals from 1 to 10 spelt out
      3. Numerals at the beginning of the sentence spelt out
      4. Check the manuscript for spelling, grammar and punctuation errors
      5. If a brand name is cited, supply the manufacturer's name and address (city and state/country).
      6. Species names should be in italics
    4.        Tables and figures
      1. No repetition of data in tables and graphs and in text
      2. Actual numbers from which graphs drawn, provided
      3. Figures necessary and of good quality (colour)
      4. Table and figure numbers in Arabic letters (not Roman)
      5. Labels pasted on back of the photographs (no names written)
      6. Figure legends provided (not more than 40 words)
      7. Patients' privacy maintained (if not permission taken)
      8. Credit note for borrowed figures/tables provided
      9. Write the full term for each abbreviation used in the table as a footnote 
    6. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
    7. The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
    8. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
    9. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
    10. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
    11. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Instructions to Authors

The IJPBA is a bi-monthly Journal, which publishes original research work that contributes significantly to further the scientific knowledge in Pharmaceutical Sciences (Pharmaceutical Technology, Pharmaceutics, Biopharmaceutics, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry, Computational Chemistry and Molecular Drug Design, Pharmacognosy and Photochemistry, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Analysis, Pharmacy Practice, Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy, Cell Biology, Genomics and Proteomics, Pharmacogenomics, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology of Pharmaceutical Interest). The Journal publishes original research work either as a Full Research Paper or as a Short Communication. Review Articles on a current topic in Pharmaceutical Sciences are also considered for publication by the Journal.

The manuscript can be sent as a MS word document to After the review, manuscripts will be returned for revision along with reviewer's and/or editor's comments. One original copy of the final revised manuscript should be submitted for publication with in two months of receiving the reviewer's comments. It is also desirable to submit the final revised manuscript on a CD prepared in MS Word Version 97-2002 or a higher version. Prepare the manuscript in Times New Roman font using a font size of 12. Title shall be in a font size 14. All section titles in the manuscript shall be in font size 12, bold face capitals. Subtitles in each section shall be in font size 12, bold face lower case followed by a colon. There shall not be any decorative borders anywhere in the text including the title page. The entire MS Word document with graphs and illustrations pasted in it shall not exceed 1.2 mb.

Submission of a manuscript to IJPBA for publication implies that the same work has not been either published or under consideration for publication in another Journal. Authors, in their cover note to the Editor, have to clearly mention whether the manuscript shall be considered as a Research Paper, Short Communication or Review Article and also confirm that the manuscript has not been submitted to any other Journal for publication. Authors publishing results from in vivo experiments involving animals or humans should state whether due permission for conduction of these experiments was obtained, from the relevant ethics committees, in the Materials and Methods section.

Preparation of Manuscripts: Research Papers

Manuscripts should be concisely written and conform to the following general requirements: Manuscripts should be typewritten in double-space in A4 sized sheets, only on one side, with a 2 cm margin on both sides. Research Papers should have more than 15 pages, Review Articles in the range of 15-30 pages and Short Communications up to 15 pages, inclusive of illustrations. Pages should be numbered consecutively, starting with the title page and the matter arranged in the following order: Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion or Results and Discussion, Acknowledgements, References, Illustrations (Tables and figures including chemistry schemes along with titles and legends) and figure and Table titles and legends. Abstract should start on a separate page and each table or figure should be on separate sheets. The titles "Abstract" and "Introduction" need not be mentioned. All other section titles should be in capital letters while subtitles in each section shall be in bold face lower case followed by a colon

Title Page - Title page should contain title of the paper in bold face, title case (font size 14), names of the authors in normal face, upper case (font size 12) followed by the address(es) in normal face lower case. The author to whom all correspondence be addressed should be denoted by an asterisk mark. The title should be as short as possible and precisely indicate the nature of the work in the communication. Names of the authors should appear as initials followed by surnames for men and one given-name followed by surname for women. Full names may be given in some instances to avoid confusion. Names should not be prefixed or suffixed by titles or degrees. Names should be followed by the complete postal address or addresses with pin code numbers of the place(s), where the research work has been carried out. At the bottom left corner of the title page, please mention "*Address For correspondence" and provide a functional e-mail address. Address of the corresponding author to whom all correspondence may be sent should be given only if it is different from the address already given under authors' names. Trivial sub-titles such as 'Title', 'Author', 'Address' or 'Place of Investigation' shall not be included in the title page. Title page should be aligned centre except for "* Address For correspondence".
Provide a running title or short title of not more than 50 characters

Abstract - Should start on a new page after the title page and should be typed in single-space to distinguish it from the Introduction. Abstracts should briefly reflect all aspects of the study, as most databases list mainly abstracts. Short Communications as well as Review Articles should have an Abstract.

Key-words - Provide four to ten appropriate key words after abstract

Introduction - Shall start immediately after the Abstract, as the next paragraph, but should be typed in double-space. The Introduction should lead the reader to the importance of the study; tie-up published literature with the aims of the study and clearly states the rationale behind the investigation.

Materials and Methods - Shall start as a continuation to introduction on the same page. All important materials used along with their source shall be mentioned. The main methods used shall be briefly described, citing references. Trivial details may be avoided. New methods or substantially modified methods may be described in sufficient detail. The statistical method and the level of significance chosen shall be clearly stated.


Results - All findings presented in tabular or graphical form shall be described in this section. The data should be statistically analyzed and the level of significance stated. Data that is not statistically significant need only to be mentioned in the text - no illustration is necessary. All Tables and figures must have a title or caption and a legend to make them self-explanatory. Results section shall start after materials and methods section on the same page.

Discussion - This section should follow results, deal with the interpretation of results, convey how they help increase current understanding of the problem and should be logical. Unsupported hypothesis should be avoided. The Discussion should state the possibilities the results uncover, that need to be further explored. There is no need to include another title such as "Conclusions" at the end of Discussion. Results and discussion of results can also be combined under one section, Results and Discussion.

Acknowledgements - Should be given after the text and not in the form of foot-notes

Illustrations: Tables - Should be typed on separate sheets of paper and should not preferably contain any molecular structures. Only MS word table format should be used for preparing tables. Tables should show lines separating columns but not those separating rows except for the top row that shows column captions. Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and bear a brief title in capital letters normal face. Units of measurement should be abbreviated and placed below the column headings. Column headings or captions shall be in bold face. It is essential that all tables have legends, which explain the contents of the table. Tables should not be very large that they run more than one A4 sized page. Tables should not be prepared in the landscape format, i. e. tables that are prepared widthwise on the paper.

References -

The commonly cited types of references are shown here, for other types of references such as electronic media, newspaper items, etc.

Articles in Journals

  1. Devi KV, Pai RS. Antiretrovirals: Need for an Effective Drug Delivery. Indian J Pharm Sci 2006;68:1-6.
    List the first six contributors followed by et al.

    List the first six contributors followed by et al.
  2. Volume with supplement: Shen HM, Zhang QF. Risk assessment of nickel carcinogenicity and occupational lung cancer. Environ Health Perspect 1994; 102 Suppl 1:275-82.
  3. Issue with supplement: Payne DK, Sullivan MD, Massie MJ. Women's psychological reactions to breast cancer. Semin Oncol 1996;23(1, Suppl 2):89-97.

Books and Other Monographs

  1. Personal author(s): Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and leadership skills for nurses. 2nd ed. Albany (NY): Delmar Publishers; 1996.
  2. Editor(s), compiler(s) as author: Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, editors. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.

Chapter in a book: Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. p. 465-78

Results - All findings presented in tabular or graphical form shall be described in this section. The data should be statistically analyzed and the level of significance stated. Data that is not statistically significant need only to be mentioned in the text - no illustration is necessary. All Tables and figures must have a title or caption and a legend to make them self-explanatory. Results section shall start after materials and methods section on the same page.

Figures - Should be on separate pages but not inserted with in the text. Figures should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and bear a brief title in lower case bold face letters below the figure. Graphs and bar graphs should preferably be prepared using Microsoft Excel and submitted as Excel graph pasted in Word. These graphs and illustrations should be drawn to approximately twice the printed size to obtain satisfactory reproduction. As far as possible, please avoid diagrams made with India ink on white drawing paper, cellophane sheet or tracing paper with hand written captions or titles. Photographs should be on glossy paper. Photographs should bear the names of the authors and the title of the paper on the back, lightly in pencil. Alternatively photographs and photomicrographs can be submitted as jpeg images. Figure and Table titles and legends should be typed on a separate page with numerals corresponding to the illustrations. Keys to symbols, abbreviations, arrows, numbers or letters used in the illustrations should not be written on the illustration itself but should be clearly explained in the legend. Avoid inserting a box with key to symbols, in the figure or below the figure. In case of photomicrographs, magnification should be mentioned either directly on them or in the legend. Symbols, arrows or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background. Method of staining should also be mentioned in the legend.

Tables and figures must be cited in the text in numerical order. Table 2 cannot be first cited before Table 1. If citation to a Table or Figure is not found in the text, the table or figure will be deleted.

General Guidelines for units and symbols - The use of the nternational System of Units (SI) is recommended.

Physical quantity

Base unit

SI Symbol


































Amount of substance




square meter



cubic meter













Correct style

Use lowercase for symbols or abbreviations,



Symbols are not followed by a period, exception end of sentence



Do not pluralize symbols



When numbers are printed symbols are preferred

100 meters

100 m

Space between number and symbol


2 mol
10 mg

Place a zero before a decimal



Decimal numbers are preferable to fractions



Space used to separate long number exception four-digit numbers 


1 500 000

Chemical terminology - The chemical nomenclature used must be in accordance with that used in the Chemical Abstracts.

Symbols and abbreviations - Unless specified otherwise, all temperatures are understood to be in degrees centigrade and need not be followed by the letter 'C'. Abbreviations should be those well known in scientific literature. In vitro, in vivo, in situ, ex vivo, ad libitum, et al. and so on are two words each and should be written in italics. None of the above is a hyphenated word. All foreign language (other than English) names and words shall be in italics as a general rule. Words such as carrageenan-induced inflammation, paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity, isoproterenol-induced myocardial necrosis, dose-dependent manner are all hyphenated.

Biological nomenclature - Names of plants, animals and bacteria should be in italics.

Enzyme nomenclature - The trivial names recommended by the IUPAC-IUB Commission should be used. When the enzyme is the main subject of a paper, its code number and systematic name should be stated at its first citation in the paper.

Spelling - These should be as in the Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English.

Short Communications

The journal publishes exciting findings, preliminary data or studies that did not yield enough information to make a full paper as short communications. These have the same format requirements as full papers but are only up to 15 pages in length in total. Short Communications should not have subtitles such as Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion - all these have to be merged into the running text. Short Communications preferably should have only 3-4 illustrations.

Review Articles

Should be about 15-30 pages long, contain up-to-date information, comprehensively cover relevant literature and preferably be written by scientists who have in-depth knowledge on the topic. All format requirements are same as those applicable to full papers. Review articles need not be divided into sections such as materials and Methods and Results and Discussion, but should definitely have an Abstract and Introduction, if necessary.

Abbreviations of  journal names

American Journal of Cardiology, The- (Am J Cardiol)
American Journal of Hospital Pharmacy- (Am J Hosp Pharm)
American Journal of Medicine, The- (Am J Med)
American Journal of Medical Sciences, The- (Am J Med Sci)
American Pharmacy- (Amer Pharm)
American Journal of Pharmacy- (Am J Pharm)
American Journal of Physiology, The- (Am J Physiol)
Analytical Chemistry- (Anal Chem)
British Journal of Experimental Pathology, The- (Br J Exp Pathol)
British Journal of Pharmacology and Chemotherapy- (Br J Pharmacol)
British Heart Journal- (Brit Heart J)
Canadian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences- (Can J Pharm Sci)
Canadian Medical Association Journal- (Can Med Assoc J)
Cardiovascular Research- (Cardiovasc Res)
Chemical and Engineering News- (Chem Eng News)
Chemist and Druggist, The- (Chemist and Druggist)
Clinical Pharmacokinetics- (Clin Pharmacokinet)
Current Sciences (India)- (Current Sci (India))
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy- (Drug Develop Ind Pharm)
Helvitica Chimica Acta- (Helv Chim Acta)
Indian Journal of Medical Sciences- (Indian J Med Sci)
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences- (Indian J Pharm Sci)
Journal of the American Chemical Society, The- (J Am Chem Soc)
Journal of Biological Chemistry- (J Biol Chem)
Journal of Controlled Release- (J Control Release)
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry- (J Med Chem)
Journal of Organic Chemistry, The- (J Org Chem)
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics- (J Pharmacol Exp Ther)
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology- (J Pharm Pharmacol)
Lancet, The- (Lancet)
Nature- (Nature)
New England Journal of Medicine- (N Engl J Med)
Pharmaceutical Journal, The (Pharm J)
Pharmacological Research Communications- (Pharmacol Res Commun)
Science- (Science)